1854 - 1855
Authorized by H.M. Queen Victoria in 1856, in
recognition of the services rendered by the Navy and Army in
the Baltic during 1854/1855. The reverse bears a seated figure
of Britannia looking over her left shoulder and holding a trident
in her right hand. In the background are two forts, and in the
exergue the dates 1854-1855. Round the top edge is the word
'Baltic'. The colours of the ribbon are the same as those for
the Crimean medal, but they are reversed, while the ribbon itself
is one-eighth of an inch wider.
Second China Medal
1857 - 1860
The first China Medal was issued in 1842 for
services in China. The design for the second issue is similar
but does not include the earlier date in the exergue on the
reverse. The ribbon of deep crimson and old gold is also narrower.
The reverse shows a trophy of the Royal Arms, an anchor, cannon,
standards, arms etc in front of a palm tree. Round the rim is
the legend 'ARMIS EXPOSCERE PACEM'.
Five Clasps were awarded for engagements (the
first was issued to earlier recipients of the first China Medal:
'TAKU FORTS 1858'
'TAKU FORTS 1860'
Queen's South African
1899 - 1902
This medal was granted for service during the Boer War between
Oct 11th 1899 and May 31st 1902. Also for service in St Helena
from April 14th 1900 and May 31st 1902 on Prisoners-of-War
Guards. The obverse shows the head of Queen Victoria, the
reverse shows Britannia at the head of a column of marching
soldiers. The colours of the ribbon are those of the old Transvaal
Republic, red, blue and gold. Over 20 clasps were issued.
Willam Le Marchant Carey Ea20 - Five Clasps
2nd Lieutenant William Reginald Carey Ea25 - One Clasp
Captain Harold Eustace Carey Eb37 - Four Clasps
Lieutenant Cecil William Carey Eb39 - Two Clasps
Lieutenant Wilfred Leathes De Mussenden Carey Ee35 - Five
Chaplain Douglas Falkland Carey Hc53 - Three Clasps
Captain George Glas Sandeman Carey Hf6 - Two Clasps
Captain de Vic Carey Hg10 - Three Clasps
Colonial Defence Spencer Colin Carey Hg16 - Two Clasps
Lewis Adolphus De Vic Carey Hg19 - Three clasps
Spencer Tupper St George Carey Hg32 - Four Clasps
Henry Plantagenet St George Carey Hg33 - Five Clasps
Trooper Arthur Charles Carey Hh13 - Five Clasps
King's South African
1901 - 1902
This medal was issued to those taking part
in the Boer War having completed 18 months service before
Jan 1st 1902. The obverse had the head of King Edward VII,
while the reverse is similar to the Queen's Medal. The ribbon
is green, white and orange - the colours of the old Orange
Two clasps were issued:
'SOUTH AFRICA 1901'
'SOUTH AFRICA 1902'
Willam Le Marchant Carey Ea20 - Two Clasps
Captain Harold Eustace Carey Eb37 - Two Clasps
Captain de Vic Carey Hg10 - Two Clasps
Trooper Arthur Charles Carey Hh13 - Two Clasps
Crimean War Medal
1854 - 1856
The reverse shows a winged figure of Victory
placing a wreath upon the head of a soldier in Roman Armour.
The soldier bears a circular shield, charged with a lion passant.
The left side has the word 'Crimea'. The ribbon is light blue
and yellow, while the clasps are shaped like oak leaves with
acorns, the suspension bar appearing feathered.
There are five clasps - only four ever are
Turkish Crimean Medal
The Sultan's Governent presented its allies with this medal
upon conclusion of the war. On the reverse is the Sultan's
cypher with the date in Arabic. The medal's design and exergue
differed according to the recipient's home country. The ribbon
is crimson red with green edges.
1845 - 1847
1860 - 1866
This medal was granted in 1869 in commemoration of the Maori
Wars of 1845/47 and 1860/66. No clasps were struck as the medal
bears the appropriate dates on the reverse. The suspension bars
are embossed with the Silver Fern emblem of New Zealand.
1903 - 1904
Deemed to be a rare medal as few British troops were engaged
in this campaign. It commemorates the expedition led by Younghusband
and Macdonald from Dec 13th 1903 to Sep 23rd 1904, a clasp also
being awarded to those who served with the Gyantse Mission from
May 3rd to Jul 6th 1904. The reverse illustrates the mountain
with the Lhassa fortress and Tibet 1903-4 below.
Lieutenant Thomas de Beauvoir Carey Ha19 -
Campaign: The 23rd
and 32nd Sikh Pioneers participated in the Younghusband Mission
to Tibet in 1903-04. (It was the same year that the designation
of the Regiment was changed from Punjab Pioneers to Sikh Pioneers).
The mission set off on 19 July 1903 from Darjeeling. The 23rd
Sikh Pioneers, under Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Hogge, moved
via Kalimpong over the Jelep La, as part of the escort to the
mission. The move over the passes till Chumbi was uneventful,
save for the hard pioneering work in improving the tracks and
hard marching. On reaching Khamba Jong, just inside Tibet, they
settled down to await the Tibetan and Chinese delegates. As
no official came for talks the march was sanctioned as far as
Gyantse, with the capital Lhasa, 100 miles farther on through
The mission was then expanded into a full-scale military expedition
with about 1,200 British and Indian soldiers, four artillery
pieces, two Maxim guns, 16,000 pack animals and 10,000 coolies.
The force left Siliguri on 20 November 1903, before moving
up from Rangpo. The 32nd Sikh Pioneers, under Lieutenant Colonel
Herbert Brander, joined the force, part of which was formed
into mounted infantry to keep the advance at a good speed.
By early December, they were poised in Tibet, the “roof
of the world”. Once on the Tibetan plateau the force
saw considerable action.
The force reached Tuna, at 15,000 feet, where they stayed
for the winter, cheerfully enduring terrible hardships. On
occasions, minus 25 degrees was registered in a double fly
tent. (The thermometer could register no lower!) To the hazards
of travel over some of the roughest and highest terrain in
the world, was added sub-zero winter cold. Conditions were
frightful. The soldiers wrote in pencil, since the ink froze.
Rifle-bolts froze into the breeches, and the soldiers kept
them warm in their own beds. The troops’ clothing, though
lavish by the standards of those days, offered no real protection
and was, in addition, too bulky to allow free movement for
firing. Although scouts kept reporting that they had sighted
large Tibetan forces in the hills, it was not until they reached
the tiny village of Guru on 31 March 1904, that they came
into dire ct conflict on reaching the Tibetan fortifications.
Two thousand Tibetan troops were waiting there, blocking the
caravan trail, which the British had to follow if they were
to get to Gyantse.
The Tibetan general galloped up and told them to withdraw
but the troops advanced until they were covering the Tibetans
at point-blank range. Younghusband ordered the Sikh Pioneers
to disarm the Tibetans. As the two forces wrestled with each
other, the situation began to turn ugly. Then the Tibetan
general fired a shot, as a Sikh soldier was trying to take
away the rifle of his orderly. Fighting broke out instantly.
Volley after volley of bullets crashed into the solid mass
of Tibetans till nearly 900 were lying dead and wounded on
the field. The mission then continued to Gyantse after seeing
action at Hot Springs and Karo La as well as in the capture
of Niani Monastery.
The action of the 32nd Sikh Pioneers at Karo La, on 6 May
1904, was at heights in excess 0f 18,500 feet, establishing
a record for high-altitude warfare that stood for 80 years
till it was broken in the Siachen glacier. Subedar Wasawa
Singh was awarded the IOM for his bravery. The expedition
then marched on until it reached the plains before the city
of Lhasa. Here Younghusband learned that the Dalai Lama had
fled to Outer Mongolia. After crossing the Tsangpo river the
mission entered Lhasa on 2 August to be awed by the magnificence
of the great golden citadel, the Potala. Negotiations dragged
on till an agreement was signed on 7 September and the mission
was ordered back to India. A special medal, with several clasps,
was instituted for all those who participated in the expedition.
Kindly provided by Col. Harjeet Singh
Two varieties of this medal were sanctioned. The first was
in 1882 and has the date below the Sphinx. The second covering
the later fighting in 1884 has no date in the exergue.
There were thirteen clasps issued:
ALEXANDRIA 11th JULY
THE NILE 1884-5
2nd Lieutenant Gordon Thomas James Carey Hc21
- TEL-EL-KEBIR 1882
Captain Carteret Priaulx He8 - TEL-EL-KEBIR
Major William Wilfred Carey He10 -
Major Clement de Beauvoir Carey Hg6 - 1882
1882 - 1891
The Khedive of Egypt presented a bronze star to all Officers
and men of the Navy and Army who were engaged in the suppression
of the rebellion of Egypt in 1882. The Star was re-issued for
1884, 1885-6, 1886-9 and 1890. One clasp was issued with an
Arabic inscription to those who fought at Tokar on Feb 19th
2nd Lieutenant Gordon Thomas James Carey Hc21
Captain Carteret Priaulx He8
Major William Wilfred Carey He10
Major Clement de Beauvoir Carey Hg6
There were four medals issued to the Army to commemorate the
first Sikh War. The details on each only differing with the
name of battle in the exergue. Medals were issued according
to the order of battles with clasps issued if the recipient
served in the later engagements.
The clasps issued were:
Lieutenant Octavius Carey Ee2 (posthumous)
- Moodkee 1845
Afghan War Medals
Four medals were issued during the Afghanistan Campaign of
1842. The obverse has the head of the new Queen, with the legend
'Victoria Vindex'. No clasps were issued.
The reverse had in the centre of the wreaths:
Candahar Ghuznee Cabul 1842
Ghuznee Cabul 1842
Lieutenant Robert Carey Ee3 - Candahar
Ghuznee Cabul 1842
Brevet Lieut.-Colonel Arthur Basil Carey Ee27
Major Wilfred Leathes De Mussenden Carey Ee35 - 1917
Ass. Chaplain Gen. Douglas Falkland Carey Hc53 - 1917
Lieut-Colonel Harold Eustace Carey Eb37 - 1917
Major John Lionel Romilly Carey Eb38 - 1918
1852 - 1895
First issued in 1854 and used as an award for services in
India up to 1895. It was awarded to both Army and Navy personnel.
There were 23 clasps covering the following
NORTH-WEST FRONTIER 1849-68
BURMA 1885-7, 1887-89, 1889-92
CHIN LUSHAI 1889-90
CHIN HILLS 1892-3
Lieutenant Horace Richard Le Marchant Ea13
- Northwest Frontier 1868
Colonel William Carey Ee13 - Burma 1885-7
2nd Lieutenant Arthur Carey Ee16 - Persia
Lieutenant Octavius William Carey Ee23 -
Burma 1886-9, Samana 1897-8, Waziristan
Major Carteret Priaulx
Carey He8 - North West Frontier
Political Officer Bertram Sausmarez Carey Hh11
- Burma 1885-7 & 1887-9, Chin Lushai
1889-90, Lushai 1889-92, Chin Hills 1892-3
1908 - 1935
The Indian General Service Medal was issued
for many different campaigns between 1908 and 1935. The ribbon
is dark blue and green.
Clasps issued as follows:
North West Frontier 1908
Afganistan N.W. Frontier 1919
NW Frontier 1930-31
NW Frontier 1935
Major Cecil William Carey Eb39 - Afghanistan
N.W. Frontier 1919
Lieutenant Octavius William Carey
Ee23 - Mohmand
1878 - 1880
This is the second issue of the Afghanistan Medal for the
conflict 1878/80. The ribbon is green with crimson red.
The clasps issued were for:
Lieut.-Colonel William Carey Ee13 - Ahmed
Cross of San Fernando
1836 - 1839
Spain awarded this cross to its allies supporting the Christinos
during the Carlist Wars 1834 - 1839.